Head of Department: S.L. Mosyakin, Dr. Biol. Sci.
The main directions of research are taxonomy and nomenclature of vascular plants of Ukraine and some plant groups of the global flora, floristic and phytogeographical studies (in particular, historical phytogeography of Chenopodiaceae, Caryophyllaceae and other families), synanthropic floristics, studies of alien (especially invasive) plants and urban floras, morphological and anatomical research of model plant groups (Ranunculaceae, Brassicaceae, etc.), paleopalynological analysis of the Pleistocene and Holocene, and inventory of plant resources (especially medicinal plants).
Head of Department: Ya.P. Didukh, Prof., Dr. Biol. Sci., Corresponding Member of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
The main directions of research are ecology of plants and plant communities, development of scientific principles of ecosystem classification and techniques for assessing the impact of ecological factors on patterns of differentiation, structure and dynamics of vegetation; geobotanical and ecological mapping; modeling and prediction for optimization of conditions and protection of ecosystems. The main research directions are studies of plant communities and factors that determine their structure, dynamics and productivity; development of biological principles of the rational use and protection of natural vegetation, geobotanical mapping and studies of regional vegetation patterns. The department participates in developing the national ecological network, classification of vegetation and compiling of the cadastre of the flora and vegetation of Ukraine.
Head of Department: I.O. Dudka, Prof., Dr. Biol. Sci., Corresponding Member of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
The basic directions of research are studies of fungal species diversity patterns, taxonomy, geography, evolution and phylogeny of fungi; investigation of biological properties of higher edible and medicinal basidiomycetes for their subsequent cultivation and biotechnological application for obtaining fruiting bodies, therapeutic and prophylactic dietary supplements, and other biologically active substances.
Head of Department: I.V. Kosakivska, Dr. Biol. Sci.
The main research activities are studies of phytohormonal regulation of growth and development processes in higher and cryptogamic plants and fungi, flowering regulation in angiosperms, the adaptive role of growth regulators and phytohormones.
Head of Department: P.M. Tsarenko, Dr. Biol. Sci.
The main research directions are chorological and taxonomic studies of the species diversity of algae in Ukraine and other countries and regions; morphological and taxonomic treatments of taxa valuable from practical viewpoints; morphological and populational studies of algae and their variability; radioecological studies of algae and fungi.
Head of Department: S.Ya. Kondratyuk, Dr. Biol. Sci.
The main research directions are studies of the taxonomic diversity of lichen-forming, lichenicolous and allied fungi, and bryophytes; assessment of the floristic diversity of symbiotic and free-living aerophytic algae and their ecological groups (communities) in some regions, using lichens as indicators of environmental conditions; critical revisions of selected taxa of cryptogamic plants and associated fungi.
Head of Department: E.L. Kordyum, Prof., Dr. Biol. Sci., Corresponding Member of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
The main research activities include researches in cellular and molecular mechanisms of phenotypic plasticity as a process of plant adaptation to changes of ecological factors under natural conditions; studies of responses of algal cells, vegetative and generative cells, tissues and organs of higher plants to gravitation factors in space flight experiments and ground simulation.
Head of Department: O.K. Zolotaryova, Prof., Dr. Biol. Sci.
The basic directions of research are energy transformation in membrane systems of photosynthesizing cells of higher plants and algae, biochemical peculiarities of some insufficiently studied groups of algae, and their potential biotechnological applications.
The National Herbarium of Ukraine occupies a prominent position among world's herbaria according to its representation of the flora and mycobiota of the Globe, its richness, scientific and historic value of its collections. According to Index Herbariorum (1990), the KW Herbarium is listed among the 40 largest herbaria of the world, holdings of which contain 1 million or more specimens (herbarium units). Collections of the KW herbarium document the taxonomic treasures of the plant and fungal kingdoms of all phytogeographic regions of Ukraine. Collections from the territory of the former USSR and many floristic regions of the world are also well represented. Especially valuable are memorial collections of M.S.Turchaninov (N.Turczaninow), W.G. von Besser, I.F.Schmalhausen, O.S.Rogovich (A.Rogowicz), V.M.Chernyaev (V.Czernjaev), J.E.Gilibert, M.V.Klokov and other prominent botanists. Each of these collections combines both historic and scientific values and importance.
The KW herbarium holds numerous type specimens of species described from Ukraine and other regions of the globe. These taxa were described by famous botanists associated with Ukraine. Exsiccates of herbarium specimens of vascular plants were published and distributed by the herbarium (1935, 1961, 1993). Distribution of exsiccates of lichens of Ukraine started recently; three issues were released in 1993, 1994, and 1995. Holdings of the herbarium are characterized by high-quality standards of taxonomic treatment and identification, the collections are constantly under attention of monographers of some families and genera, the taxonomists of the Institute of Botany, Ukraine, and other states. We should mention the names of such famous plant taxonomists as O.V.Fomin, E.I.Bordzilovsky, D.K.Zerov, M.V.Klokov, M.I.Kotov, A.M.Oxner, O.D.Visyulina, S.F.Morochkovsky, M.Y.Zerova, A.I.Barbarych, Y.M.Kondratyuk, D.M.Dobrochaeva (Dobroczaeva), V.G.Hrzhanovsky (Chrzhanovsky), H.F.Bachuryna, Y.M.Prokudin, O.M.Dubovik, V.V.Protopopova, S.P.Wasser, N.V.Kondratyeva, N.P.Masyuk (Massjuk), V.P.Heluta (Geljuta) (Ukraine), M.M.Iljin (Il'in), M.O.Minyaev, N.N.Tsvelev (Tzvelev), R.V.Kamelin, A.K.Skvortsov (Russia), E.Gabrielyan (Armenia), A.L.Kharadze, M.Ivanishvili (Georgia), Y.Sujko-Lazza (Hungary), A.Cronquist (USA), M.Brooker (Australia) and others, who in their "Notae criticae" (identification labels) expressed their understanding of many taxa.
The invaluable treasures of the herbarium's collections were created by efforts of several generations of botanists, who, starting from the 18th century, organized numerous expeditions in Ukraine and various regions of Europe, Asia and other continents, performed their tireless exploration of nature, and maintained the constant exchange of specimens with their colleagues. Their knowledge of ecological, zonal and regional peculiarities of the investigated territories, their taxonomic experience, creative scientific ideas and erudition are reflected in the herbarium specimens, critical notes, and label records.
We should acknowledge the role of K.M.Sytnik, Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, in the process of development of the KW Herbarium. His 30-years activity as Director of the Institute of Botany is associated with his permanent attention to and care of the KW Herbarium.
A great contribution to the scientific status and technical equipment of the herbarium was made by S.P.Wasser, Corresponding Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.
During its 80 years of functioning, the herbarium acted as a scientifically reliable documentary base for compiling such fundamental works as the Flora of the Ukrainian SSR, Manual of Higher Plants of Ukraine, Vascular Plants of Ukraine: A Nomenclatural Checklist, Flora of Hepatics and Mosses of Ukraine, Flora of Mosses of Ukraine, Flora of Lichens of Ukraine, Manual of Freshwater Algae of the Ukrainian SSR, Flora of Fungi of Ukraine, and Fungi of Ukraine. A preliminary Checklist, which contributed to the glory of the Institute of Botany. Specimens of the herbarium were also used in preparing the Flora of the USSR, Flora of East Europe (formerly Flora of the European Part of the USSR), Flora Polska, Flora Europaea, and many other fundamental works on vascular plants, cryptogamic plants, and fungi of various territories.
The KW Herbarium acts as a consultation and coordination center for activities of Ukraine's herbaria; it is also a leading center for the maintenance and preservation of collections of plants and fungi in Europe.
In 1999 the KW Herbarium officially received the status of a National Heritage collection. The present-day KW Herbarium is a complex that includes the herbarium of vascular plants (1 million and 700 thousand specimens; curator - N.M.Drapaylo), bryological (34,000 specimens; curator - V.M.Virchenko), lichenological (47,000 specimens; curator - S.Y.Kondratyuk), and mycological (62,000 specimens; curator - I.O.Dudka) collections, the collection of algal samples (27,500 samples; curator - P.M.Tsarenko), and the palynotheca (5,000 pollen samples; curator - V.D.Savitsky).
Each department of the KW Herbarium maintains its everyday work, the basic aim of which is to guarantee the high functioning level of scientific collections, their improvement, replenishment and preservation.
In the herbarium of vascular plants, the inventory of the collection of the world flora has been completed. A revision, systematization, and maintenance of the former USSR flora specimens are being continued. In lichenological and bryological herbaria, modernization of mounting of specimens is being continued, and separation of duplicate specimens is underway. A database of fungal specimens of the KW Herbarium is continued at the mycological herbarium.
In all departments of the Institute's Herbarium, special attention is paid to replenishment of collections, since the total number of herbarium specimens is the main parameter of assessing herbariums collections at the global level. For the last ten years, the herbarium added more than 100 thousand specimens.
Catalogization of collections, preparation of centuria (exsiccates), and typification of taxa described from the territory of Ukraine is performed at KW.
Head of Computer Center: I.M. Anishchenko
The main research activities of the computer center are studies of biodiversity of Ukraine with using mathematical methods, creation of informational system of different botanical objects, investigation of interspecies changes of fungal diversity of different taxonomic groups, computerization of the Herbarium of the M.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (KW).